These eight key factors can assist you with bringing down your risk of heart attack and stroke assuming you’ve never had one. They’re part of an overall healthy lifestyle for adults. And they can assist you with building a strong counteraction plan with your health care team (doctors, medical attendants, pharmacists, enlisted dietitians, and other professionals).
- Know your risk.
Assuming that you’re somewhere in the range of 40 and 75 years old and have never had a heart attack or stroke. Certain factors can increase your risk, like smoking, kidney disease or a family history of early heart disease. Realizing your risk factors can assist you and your health with caring team settle on the best treatment plan for you. Many risk factors can be improved with lifestyle changes.
- Eat a healthy diet.
Revolve your eating plan around vegetables, fruits, whole grains, vegetables, nuts, plant-based proteins, lean animal proteins and fish. Make smart decisions like restricting refined carbohydrates, processed meats and sweetened drinks. Utilize the nutrition facts label on packaged foods to scale back sodium, added sugars and saturated fats, and avoid trans fat.
- Be physically active.
Move more – it’s probably the most ideal way to stay healthy, forestall disease and age well. Adults ought to get at least 150 minutes of moderate-force aerobic activity or 75 minutes of vigorous activity each week. In the event that you’re already active, you can increase your force for significantly more advantages. On the off chance that you’re not active presently, begin by basically sitting less and moving more.
- Watch your weight.
Stay at a healthy weight for you. Get in shape in the event that you’re overweight or hefty. Start by eating less calories and moving more. You can check your body mass index (BMI). On the off chance that you really want assistance, talk to your health care team about a weight loss plan.
- Live tobacco-free.
In the event that you don’t smoke, vape or use tobacco items, never start. There’s no such thing as a safe tobacco item. Assuming that stopping smoking or tobacco is a challenge for you, ask your team for help to phase out the vice utilizing demonstrated techniques. Try not to simply swap one tobacco source for another. And attempt to avoid secondhand smoke, as well!
- Manage conditions.
Assuming you have high blood pressure (hypertension), high cholesterol, high blood sugar, diabetes or other conditions that put you at greater risk, it’s vital to work with your health care team and make lifestyle changes. Many conditions can be forestalled or managed by eating better, getting active, shedding pounds and stopping tobacco.
- Take your medicine.
Assuming you have a health condition, your doctor may recommend statins or other medications to assist with controlling cholesterol, blood sugar and blood pressure. Take all medications as coordinated. Be that as it may, don’t take aspirin as a preventive measure except if your doctor tells you to. Assuming you’ve never had a heart attack or stroke, a daily aspirin may not help you at all and could cause issues including risk of dying. Assuming that you’ve had a heart attack or stroke, your doctor may want you to take a low portion of aspirin to diminish your risk of having another.
- Be a team player.
Your health care team can assist you with diminishing your risk of heart disease or stroke to carry on with a more extended, healthier life. Work together on your anticipation plan. Ask questions, and be open about any challenges you may face in attempting to make healthy changes. Stress, rest, mental health, family situations, tobacco use, food access, social support and other issues all can affect your health and prosperity.